A dirty air filter can have a significant impact on engine performance. It reduces the amount of clean air that reaches the engine, which decreases its power and acceleration. Replacing the dirty engine air filter with a new, clean one can improve engine acceleration. Aftermarket air filters can lead to increases in engine performance and an increase in fuel mileage rating, although these may be more noticeable on older cars.
For newer models, some “performance” air filters can only make a negligible difference. It is important to consult with an automotive professional about air filter options. A dirty filter reduces the air supply to your car's engine, causing no fuel to burn. This fuel causes the formation of soot residues that accumulate at the tip of the spark plug. Soot can build up on spark plug tips, making them unable to produce a proper spark.
In return, the car may move abruptly, idle, and in some circumstances, the engine may fail. Running your car without an air filter allows dirt, leaves, debris, insects and a multitude of air pollutants to enter. By providing clean air flow to the engine, an air cleaner ensures that the engine receives the correct amount of air needed to operate at its maximum level. But in addition to a negative effect on the acceleration capacity of your car, the constant neglect of the engine air filter can damage the engine and, if left for too long, can lead to much more expensive car repair needs. The best way to ensure that your air filter is fresh and clean is to schedule maintenance checks at regular intervals. In most cases, a dirty air filter may not affect miles per gallon as much as, for example, a flat tire, but it can consume more engine power than necessary.
Once an air filter is too clogged and no longer working, it can lead to decreased car performance and even engine damage. The most important function of the air filter is to protect the engine from dirt and debris, and most filters do this quite well. One of the best and easiest improvements you can make to your vehicle is to buy a reusable air filter, such as a K&N filter. A clean air filter will help your engine perform better; on newer cars, it can increase acceleration by up to 11%, and on older cars it can improve mileage by up to 14%.A clogged air filter can be avoided by changing the air filter approximately every 12,000 miles, depending on driving habits. If it seems like your car seems slower and a little slow, checking the condition of your air filter should be the first step (always look for the cheapest and easiest cause possible when diagnosing ANY automotive problem).When taking your car for service or repair of your car, a mechanic will pay attention to the condition of your air filter and recommend a change when the time is right or advise you that this change will need to be done in the near future.
Basically, the air filter is similar to an allergy mask that some people use to prevent pollen from entering their systems during the spring.