The correct answer is that air filters are not universal. Air filters have been manufactured to have different sizes, porosity levels and shapes. This means you always need to know which air filters are right for use in your home, office, or even cars. Car air filters are not universal, they are model-specific.
However, some manufacturers may share power plants and therefore the service parts will be identical. Air filters keep incoming airflow clean and anyone breathing safe from harmful irritants floating around. When air is pumped into your home through the air system, it needs to be filtered, or else there could be problems with incoming particles. Universal air filters provide an air system with a protective layer that keeps harmful particles out and the flow of clean, fresh air through it.
The universal filters you use will be able to adapt to a wide variety of types of HVAC systems, but they have their limits and will eventually need to be replaced. In short, no, air filters are model specific. This means that you should get a filter designed for your car model. For vehicles with similar engine models and ranges, you can use your air filters interchangeably.
Universal also manufactures washable pre-filters for HEPA systems and cleanrooms. The filters are designed to extend the life of more expensive, disposable HEPA filters. The amount of irritants trapped in the air builds up over time and will eventually cover the air filters completely. When you notice differences in the operation of your car's air filter, contact your mechanic to check its condition.
For reference, a human hair measures approximately 50 microns, so if you think about it, your air filter is a fairly advanced kit. The team is ready to help you from requirements gathering, initial filter design, prototyping, testing, and ultimately manufacturing your protective filter. The filters are made with papers and synthetic fibers and can remove more than 90% of pollutants from the air. All air filters provide a certain layer of protection to an air system by absorbing and trapping passing particles.
Hitting the replacement filter elements against a hard surface will remove large, loose debris if you have compressed air that will help remove the finer particles. MERV, or Minimum Efficiency Report Value, is a rating system that measures a mesh fabric of air filters. The right filter for your car is extremely important, a poorly adjusted filter will allow unfiltered air to enter the engine, which could seriously damage your engine. When an air filter is covered with dirt and debris, the mesh fabric that composes it cannot receive the air flow properly.
However, the compressor blades rotate at more than 200,000 rpm and, although they are strong, any abrasive grain that passes through the air filter can destroy it.